Violence Prevention

According to the CDC, youth violence is the third leading cause of death for people between the ages of 15 and 24. Risk factors for youth violence include:

  • A prior history of violence
  • Drug, alcohol, or tobacco use
  • Association with delinquent peers
  • Poor family functioning
  • Poor grades in school
  • Poverty in the community

This webpage provides information on violence prevention. There are several items in this section to help staff maintain a safe Job Corps center, including:

  • A five-module violence prevention training is available in Citrix (see SafetyNet for instructions) for Job Corps staff. This training will teach you all about preventing violence on center. After you successfully complete the associated quiz, you will earn a certificate.
  • Special topics, including:
    • Relationship Aggression (domestic violence, dating violence, domestic assault, and intimate partner violence)
    • Gang Violence Prevention
    • Gun violence
    • Responding to Incidents (Download the Critical Incident Crisis Intervention Plan)

 


 

Policy & Directives 

Job Corps Policy

Job Corps Directives  

PRH Change Notice  

Information Notices

Program Instructions


Return to top

Core Components

Every center is responsible for implementing a violence and sexual assault-prevention program which is supported by the Center Director and administration. At a minimum, a successful violence and sexual assault-prevention program should have the following core components:
 
Planning
  • Identify staff members to play an active role in violence and sexual assault prevention. Staff members can include the center security official, residential living, SART members, etc.
  • Conduct focus groups with students/staff about problems encountered with violence or sexual assault/misconduct on center.
  • Uniformly enforce zero tolerance policy against violence.
Training Activities
  • All staff will participate in violence prevention training.
  • All students will receive violence prevention material.
  • Students will participate in anger management classes, as necessary.
Promotional Activities
  • Disseminate information about zero tolerance, intervention, and evaluation plans during CPP, at staff meetings, at assemblies, the center intranet website, and in the student handbook.
  • Build violence and sexual assault-prevention material into the Career Success Standards and Social Skills Training activities.
  • Contact federal, state, or local agencies for posters and brochures on violence and sexual assault-prevention.
Environmental Activities
  • Identify the "hot spots" on center where violence or assault may occur and alter supervisory patterns so staff is more present.
  • Ensure students have access to emergency telephones on center (e.g., blue light phone systems or other emergency phones). 

 

 

 

Sexual Assault Prevention

Sexual assault prevention is incorporated into the violence prevention staff training and all other components of this toolkit. Information about sexual assault can be found in these sections:

 

 

 

Relationship Agression

Definitions of the term "relationship aggression" (RA) vary widely. Relationship aggression is known by many names: domestic violence, dating violence, domestic assault, and intimate partner violence. Opinions are mixed on whether or not these terms all represent the same phenomenon. For the purposes of this training material, the term "pelationship aggression" refers to a number of behaviors used by one person in a relationship to control the other. These behaviors can include, but are not limited to, name calling, actual or threatened physical harm, stalking, intimidation, keeping a partner from keeping or getting a job, withholding money, keeping a partner from contacting friends or family members, unwanted sexual contact, as well as other acts of violence. Relationship aggression can happen on a regular basis or occasionally.

Hubert H. Humphry JCC interns Emma Bohmann, Ashley Mercer, and Sarah Rodenberg compiled and developed the following activities for staff and stude​nts:

For Staff

References

  • Archer, J. (2000). Sex differences in aggression between heterosexual partners: A meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 126(5), 651-680.
  • Jouriles, E. J., McDonald, R., Garrido, E., Rosenfield, D. & Brown, A.S. (2005). Assessing aggression in adolescent romantic relationships: Can we do it better? Psychological Assesssment, 17, 469-475.
  • Kwong, M.J, Bartholomew, K., Henderson, A.J.Z, and Trinke, S.J. (2003). The intergenerational transmission of relationship violence. Journal of Family Psychology, 17(3), 288-301.
  • O'Leary, K.D., Slep, A.M.S, & O'Leary. S. G. (2007). Multivariate models of men's and women's partner aggression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75, 752-764.

For Students

 

 

 

Gang Violence Prevention

Although Job Corps is safer than the general population, the presence of gangs can create an unsafe environment. Gangs are actually responsible for most of the crime committed by young people nationwide. Seven percent of youth, mostly gang members, are responsible for 70 percent of juvenile crimes (Source: The National Center for Victims of Crime).

Your center should be proactive in stopping gang activity. The following activities may help prevent gang activity:

  • Forbid wearing of gang paraphernalia.
  • Provide support for victims of gang violence and intimidation.
  • Assimilate gang-oriented students into the mainstream
  • Remove graffiti immediately. This discourages graffiti and keeps its message, often a threat to another gang, from getting through.
  • Provide sports, dramatic, and recreational activities as alternatives to gang activity.

Recognizing Gang Signs

Are there gangs on your center? Take the following self assessment.

Is there gang activity on your center? Answer the following questions. If you answer yes to any of these questions, it's time to take proactive measures to eliminate gang presence on center.

  • Do you find graffiti on or near your center?
  • Do you find crossed out graffiti on or near your center grounds?
  • Do your students wear colors, jewelry, clothing; flash hand signals; or display other behavior that may be gang related after hours?
  • Are drugs available in or near your center?
  • Has there been an increase in physical confrontations or incidents of threats, abuse, or intimidation in or near your center?
  • Is there an increasing presence of weapons on your center?
  • Has there been a "drive-by" shooting near your center?
  • Has there been an increase in AWOLs in your center?
  • Are there an increasing number of "racial" incidents on your center?
  • Does your community near your center have a history of gangs?
  • Is there an increasing presence of informal social groups with unusual names on center?
  • Are there rumors about initiation nights on center?

Training Materials

  • Know the Signs: Gang Activity — Learn how to recognize gang signs on center.
    Ron Holvey, Principal Investigator (Ret.), Special Investigations Division New Jersey Department of Corrections
    National Health & Wellness Conference, June 2007
 

 

 

Gang Violence Web Resources

 

 Web Resources ‭[2]‬

 
  
  
DescriptionFilter
  
http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/186159.pdf
A free publication in PDF format.
  
http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/191524.pdf
A free publication in PDF format.
  
http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/190351.pdf
A free publication in PDF format.
  
http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/171154.pdf
A free publication in PDF format.
  
https://www.nationalgangcenter.gov/
Provides information, resources, and practical tools toward the development and implementation of effective gang prevention and intervention. They also provide the Strategic Planning Tool that can be used by any community.
  
https://www.nationalgangcenter.gov/About/Strategic-Planning-Tool
Developed to assist in assessing a community’s gang problem and planning strategies to deal with the violence.
  
http://www.ojp.gov/nij/
Provides the following materials as background, resources, and response strategies to preventing gang violence:

 


Return to top 

Forms & Documents 

Factsheets and Brochures

Training Materials

National Health & Wellness Conference 2011

Webinars

 

 

 

Web Resources

 

 Web Resources ‭[1]‬

 
  
  
DescriptionFilter
  
http://www.apa.org/
Provides information for school staff and parents identifying signs of youth violence and managing traumatic stress.
  
http://www.apa.org/education/k12/teacher-victimization.aspx
Available as a webpage or brochure (in PDF format).
  
http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/mass-shooting.aspx
Provides tips and strategies on how to get through a traumatic event/crisis.
  
http://www.apa.org/pubs/info/reports/gun-violence-prevention.aspx
APAs report on gun violence.
  
http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/road-resilience.aspx
This brochure is intended to help readers with taking their own road to resilience. The information within describes resilience and some factors that affect how people deal with hardship. Much of the brochure focuses on developing and using a personal strategy for enhancing resilience.
  
http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/warning-signs.aspx
An article to help young people recognize when a classmate or friend might be a potential danger to themselves or others.
  
http://www.cdc.gov/injury/index.html
Provides numerous youth violence resources and publications.
  
http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/pdf/EA-brief-a.pdf
Summarizes what is known about young people and electronic aggression, provides strategies for addressing the issue with young people, and discusses the implications for school staff, education policy makers, and parents and caregivers.
  
http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/YV-FactSheet-a.pdf
This printable two-page fact sheet provides an overview of youth violence.
  
http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/POP.html
This free on-line course offers continuing education credits and includes interviews with leading experts, interactive exercises, and effective violence prevention methods.
  
http://www.childrenssafetynetwork.org/
A resource center for child and adolescent injury and violence prevention.
  
http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles/conflic.pdf
This document was developed for educators, juvenile justice practitioners, and others in youth-serving organizations to heighten awareness of conflict resolution education and its potential to help settle disputes peacefully in a variety of settings.
  
http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/165479.pdf
This curriculum has roots in a wide variety of effective practices stimulated by in-depth research in both violence prevention and prejudice reduction. The innovative approaches used in the curriculum involve combining current methods of prejudice reduction with violence prevention strategies to provide a comprehensive unique curriculum to reduce crimes based upon intolerance.
  
http://www.ncvc.org/
Provides direct services, resources, training, and technical assistance.
  
http://www.ojp.gov/nij/
Provides printable materials as background, resources, and response strategies for preventing youth violence.
  
http://www.noys.org/
Provides information about safety programs, legislative updates, events calendar, and press releases.
  
http://www.partnersagainsthate.org/publications/Peer_Leadership_Guide.pdf
Designed as a resource for individuals and groups interested in involving and empowering youth  in organizational efforts to prevent bias-motivated behaviors and hate crimes.
  
http://www.partnersagainsthate.org/
This site offers promising educational and counteraction strategies for young people.
  
http://www.preventioninstitute.org/violenceprev.html
Provides information about projects; papers/publications; past presentations; training and events; and other resources.
  
http://disasterdistress.samhsa.gov/
Call 1-800-985-5990 or text "TalkWithUs" to 66746. The Disaster Distress Helpline provides 24/7, year-round crisis counseling and support. The Helpline is staffed by trained counselors from a network of crisis call centers located across the United States.
  
http://store.samhsa.gov/product/Tips-for-Talking-With-and-Helping-Children-and-Youth-Cope-After-a-Disaster-or-Traumatic-Event/SMA12-4732
Helps parents and teachers recognize common reactions children of different age groups (preschool and early childhood to adolescence) experience after a disaster or traumatic event. Offers tips for how to respond in a helpful way and when to seek support.
  
http://www.safeyouth.gov/Pages/Home.aspx
A national initiative led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to prevent youth violence before it starts; provides community tools, training and technical assistance, online community workspaces, and connections to other communities.
  
http://www.teachersworkshop.com/twshop/vioprev.html
This site contains tips for teachers and administrators to foster a safe school environment.
  
http://www.tolerance.org/
This site, sponsored by the Southern Poverty Law Center, promotes and supports anti-bias activism and provides practical resources for educators.
  
http://vetoviolence.org/
Developed by CDC to provide grantees and partners with access to training and tools that focus on the primary prevention of violence (Intimate Partner Violence, Sexual Violence, Suicide, and Youth Violence).

 


Return to top